Field performance of the universal surface precipitation gage

TitleField performance of the universal surface precipitation gage
Publication TypeConference Proceedings
Year of Conference1971
AuthorsCox, L. M.
Conference Name39th Annual Western Snow Conference
Series TitleProceedings of the 39th Annual Western Snow Conference
Date PublishedApril 1971
PublisherWestern Snow Conference
Conference LocationBillings, Montana
KeywordsPrecipitation gage, Pressure pillow, Snow pillow, Snow water equivalent

The universal surface precipitation gage has proved to be an excellent research tool for making ground surface measurements of precipitation, snow water equivalent, and melt rate. Experimental results indicate that the gage provides a more realistic measure of the snowmelt process than does the conventional 12-foot butyl pillow and has the advantage of providing coincident measurements of water equivalent and the volume rate of flow from the base of the snowpack. These quantities include any water added by rainfall. The universal precipitation gage appears to have excellent potential as an operational instrument because of the completeness of data obtained and the relatively inexpensive installation and maintenance costs.