Local advection of sensible heat during snowmelt

TitleLocal advection of sensible heat during snowmelt
Publication TypeConference Proceedings
Year of Conference1997
AuthorsNeumann, N., and Marsh P.
Conference Name65th Annual Western Snow Conference
Series TitleProceedings of the 65th Annual Western Snow Conference
Date PublishedMay 1997
PublisherWestern Snow Conference
Conference LocationBanff, Alberta
KeywordsArctic, Model, Patchy snow

Heterogeneous land surface characteristics during the spring melt of an Arctic snowpack produce a horizontal transfer of energy at a small scale, a process termed local advection. Techniques were developed and applied to determine the importance of this local scale advection to both the magnitude of snowmelt and the average flux from a composite snow and snow-free surface. A tile-model approach was evaluated in estimating the spatial sensible heat flux over a patchy snow cover by comparison to eddy correlation measurements. These results suggest that a simple tile model is sufficient in determining the sensible heat flux over a heterogeneous surface, agreeing with other studies. An advection efficiency term, calculated from both field data and published model results (Liston, 1995), was used to determine the effect of advection on local snowmelt patterns. These calculations resulted in different patterns of influence, probably due to differences between the ideal modelled and natural surface conditions.